“A Study On The Role of Services of NGO’s In The Dangs District”.

1.      Dr. Kanaiyalal D.Dave, Associate Prof. Smt. V.P.Kapadia Mahila Arts College – Bhavnagar.

2.      MehulkumarA.Bhatt, Assist .Prof. Govt. College – Ahwa, Dangs.

 

 

Abstract

 Real India resides in rural India. India is a country with a large rural population. The economy of India is still much more depends on the base of primary sector and its alliance activities. India is a country having more than six lacks villages. So, the real spirit of India still lives in rural areas. Nowadays the role of service sector rapidly increased in both of the rural and urban areas. NGO’s services are one among of it and they play the crucial and vital role for the society especially in a backward and deprived region like the Dangs district. The dang district is geographically isolated from any other facilitated areas of the Gujarat. Its remote area and it’s covered by huge forest and hilly area. So that there is no supportive environment for medium and large scale industries and that’s why the most of population depends on the agriculture and its alliances activities. In this district there are about 96.4% population is belonging from tribal caste. The literacy rate is lower in such a community. They are very backwards in technologies and its utilization. In this paper we are trying to study the Number of NGO’s are working in such an area and their active role in uplift of such a tribal community by providing various services of this particular deprived area. We also study of their acceptance among the tribal people and also find the problems faces by NGO’s in providing their services in such a community.

Keywords”- Ngo’s (Non-Governmental Organizations), Tribal, Tribal Development,Uplift.

 

Introduction

Real India resides in rural India. India is a country with a large rural population. India is a country having more than six lacks villages. So, the real spirit of India still lives in rural areas.1 Nowadays the role of service sector rapidly increased in both of the rural and urban areas. NGO’s services are one among of it and they play the crucial and vital role for the society especially in a backward and deprived region of India.Ngo’s (Non-Governmental Organizations) are playing major role in respect of eradication the social evils and also they are working together with government in many projects like, improving backward areas and major social problems as well as child labour, tribal development, basic education and health care, skill development training and employment opportunity etc. NGO’s which are called as third sector played a very important role in rural development during the last four decades in India.2 They have a greater role and responsibility in the development of backward region and people. It is generally a known fact that a few triumphant voluntary agencies (NGO’s) in rural development through their hard labour, perseverance, dedication, commitment honesty have left their foot print in the rural development in India. The government and the community have also recognized the input of such NGO’s and enhanced their participation through policy changes and financial support whenever required. 

 

Brief Introduction of Research Area

                                                 The dang district is geographically isolated from any other facilitated areas of the Gujarat. Its remote area and it’s covered by huge forest and hilly area. So that there is no supportive environment for medium and large scale industries and that’s why the most of population depends on the agriculture and its alliances activities. In this district there are about 96.4% population is belonging from tribal caste.3The literacy rate is lower in such a community. They are very backwards in technologies and its utilization. Their principle occupations are farming, livestock, hunting, horticulture, pottery, handicrafts and other retail trade and services. The culture of the community depends on the forest therefore they much more depend on traditional occupation. They engaged with forest, farm and its alliance activities. The community is derived from development and also neglected due to poverty, illiteracy, superstitions and old customs even they contribute significantly in the development of state and nation. This area remains isolated and backwards with their geography, customs, forest, low levels of training, skills and technologies.  Ahwa, Waghai and Subir are the three talukas of this district. While the Ahwa is the main place of this district.  (Annual Report, (2013-14), "District Panchayat Office- Dangs".)4

Need for the study

                                 The dang district is geographically isolated from any other facilitated areas of the Gujarat. Its remote area and it’s covered by huge forest and hilly area. The local tribal community of this area is very backward and subaltern in most of the sector of development. So that here some of the NGO's actively work for their uplift but they faces some of the problems and challenges into providing services. Thus, this study will help us in understanding the activities of NGO’s and their problems and also helpful for suggests some valuable suggestions for demolished it.

 

Objectives of the study

1.  To find out the number of working NGO’s and their activities of the research area.

2. To find out the caste wise contribution in NGO’s employee.

3. To find out the sex wise contribution in NGO’s employee.

4.  To find out the problems against the NGO’s in expanding and providing their services.

5.  To suggest some valuable suggestions regarding this study.

 

Method of data collection

Primary as well as secondary data were collected for the study. Primary data was collected through personal interviews with the help of scheduled questionnaires were conducted and gathered the data. Secondary data includes articles and research paper in journal, related books and websites.

 

Universal and sampling

All 11 NGO’s management or employee of different NGO’s were taken as the universal of this study. While 02 of each NGO’s management or employee respectively selected as a sample for easy analyses purpose. (Total management or employee samples -22)

Techniques of data analysis

For the purpose of easy understanding percentage (%) statistical tool is used for analyzing respondent’s response.

Limitation of the study

 This study was done in some limited time period and financial cost. Thus this study tried to check out only the activities and Problems against The NGO’s of limited area of research. This study was prepared on the base of the responses provided by limited number of samples of the research. The findings of this study covered only for particular area of this study. So its findings may be valid for that particular area but not for the universal.

 

Analysis and interpretation                              

The present study is focused to study the number of NGO’s and their activities for tribal uplift at the one side and the other side NGO’s faces some of the problems intoproviding servicesto the tribal people. The study conducted 22 respondents of NGO’s management (employee).Here is the detailed analysis of the collected data.

 

 

 

Table -1

NGO’s and their activity

NO.

Name of NGO’s

Activity Area

1

AGAKHAN

Dang rural development, to provide skill training for established own cottage and small scale industries for livelihood, SHG’s,Water and land conservation,to increase awareness of Government Schemes among the tribal community.

2

ROVADAN

Organizing Health checkup camp, Demolished Malnutrition, to provide Nursing training and placement, Agricultural assist and scientific guidance for ladies finger, strawberry, pineapple, onion crops,to Provide skill development training of tailoring and weaving for Women.

3

DHRUVA BAIF

To provide Training and employment in their own nut (kaju) processing industry.

4

DEEPSHILA TRUST–MUMBAI

Promoting the SHG”s (Self Help Groups) for alleviation poverty.

5

DANG HILL COUNCIL

Working through different organizations and centers to create awareness among the people in especially health sector. (its activity area limited only for dang district)

6

WORLD VISION – WAGHAI

Agricultural assist and scientific guidance, Awareness and protecting of child right and any other alleged social activities.

7

HELP A CHILD OF INDIA– AHWA

To increase Awareness and protecting of child right and demolished malnutrition among children.

8

NAVJIVAN

To provide hostel facility for Promoting child education and  

9

EKLAVYA RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL

To provide school, hostel, lodges, uniform and books for promote the education.

10

VEDANTA ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOL

To provide school for promoting the English medium education among the child.

11

PRAYOSHA

To demolished superstitions among the children and society and develop scientific approach among them and also promoting the knowledge of science and technology among the students.

 

 

Analyses data collection of the NGO’s management respondents.

 

Table -2

Caste wise classification of the NGO’s management respondents.

Cast

Frequency

Percentage (%)

General

06

27.28

OBC

06

27.28

SC

03

13.63

ST

07

31.81

Total

22

100.00 %

 

Table- 3

Sex wise classification of the NGO’s management respondents.

Sex

Frequency

Percentage (%)

Male

08

36.36

Female

14

63.64

Total

22

100.00 %

 

 

Table-4

Problems Faced by The NGO’s management and Employee

Problems Faced by The NGO’s management and Employee

Frequency

Percentage (%)

(1)    poor infrastructure facilities at the region

18

81.81

(2) absence of the advertisement cost

14

63.64

3.      shortage of skillful employee

08

36.36

4.      lack of internet and other communication connectivity

19

86.36

5.      rainy weather

13

59.09

6.      insecurity in jobs

20

90.90

7.      people participation is too less

17

77.27

8.      people superstitions are the main barriers in expanding the services of NGO’s

12

54.54

 

 

 

Major Findings

(1)   Table -2 indicates that the most of the 31.81% employee of different NGO’s are belongs from the tribal caste.

(2)   Table-3 indicates the most of 63.64% employee are female.

(3)   According to 81.81% respondents that they are facing the poor infrastructure facilities at their working region. (Table-4).

(4)   According to 63.64% respondents that they have felt that the absence of the advertisement cost is responsible for unawareness about the NGO’s and their services to the tribal community of the interior parts of this region. (Table-4).

(5)   According to 36.36% respondents that they have shortage of skillful employee in their NGO’s. (Table-4).

(6)   According to 86.36% respondents that they have face the problems of poor connectivity of internet and telecommunication services in this region. (Table-4).

(7)   According to 59.09% respondents that they have faces a lot due to the long and severe rainy season at this region. (Table-4).

(8)   According to 90.90% respondents that they feel very worried about the insecurity of their jobs. (Table-4).

(9)   According to 77.27% respondents that they felt sorry for less people participation in their services due to absence of literacy and awareness. (Table-4).

(10)        According to 54.54% respondents that they believed that people superstitions are the main barriers in expanding the services of NGO”s. (Table-4).

 

 

Suggestions

-          Need to improve and expand the healthy infrastructure at this region.

-          Need to improve the quality frequency for internet and telecommunication enhancement.

-          Need to improve skill training for employee and management.

-          Need to improve literacy standard of tribal people.

-          Need to expand advertisement cost for awareness about the NGO’s services in interior region.

-          Need to establish healthy and trustful relationship with such a community for winning their trust and get them confidence and hope for better tomorrow.

-          Need to increased women participation in such a region.

-          Need to remove the superstitions and old belief among the tribal community.

-          Need to develop the scientific approaches among the tribal people.

-          Need to provide secure job for NGO’s employee.

-           

 

CONCLUSION

The NGO’s play vital and crucial role in uplift of weaker section of the society and also in rural development. But in this particular deprived and forest area they felt major obstacles in providing their valuable services to the poor tribal people. So that it’s essential need to demolish it as early as possible but its duties for our society to support them. So Government, organizations, leaders, and society must work together to motivate the NGO”s services and to make them more empower and independent for the tribal welfare.

 

References

1.      NiranjanaBabu, H.S. and Deepu B.(2014): “Problems Faced by Rural women entrepreneurs in India: A Case Study of Mysore District. National seminar on rural development and inclusivegrowth: Linkage and applications. (pp 224- 233).

2.      Balraj, M. and Sowmya. (2014): “Role of NGO’s in uplift of tribal- A Study on Vivekananda girijakalyan Kendra (VGKK) B.R.Hills. National seminar on rural development and inclusive growth: Linkage and applications. (pp 276-283).

3.      Dandakaranya.(January-2013): Dang District CollectorOffice, (pp-15).

4.      Statistical data of the dangs district.(2012-13), District Panchayat- Ahwa.

5.      http://www. Akdn.org>akf

6.      http://www.indiamapped.com

7.      http://www.indianngos.org

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